The Ghana Irrigation Development Authority (GIDA) is the leading Ghanaian public sector organization set up to promote agricultural growth through the provision of irrigation infrastructure and other Agricultural Water Management (AWM) techniques.
GIDA had its inception in the early sixties when it functioned as a Land Planning and Soil Conservation Unit (LPSCU), of the Ministry of Agriculture. The emphasis at the time was more on sustainable land use particularly, through the adoption of soil and water conservation best practices. The measures helped to sustain farm productivity and thereby enhanced rural livelihood options for the Ghanaian farmer.
In 1964, the Land Planning and Soil Conservation Unit was upgraded to the status of a division in Ministry of Agriculture known as the Irrigation Reclamation and Drainage Division (IRDD). The new status was designed to stress on irrigation as a key strategy to address challenges of rainfed agriculture in the face of increasing population and urbanization. However, by the early 70s it was noted that the Irrigation Reclamation and Drainage Division (IRDD), could not sustain the quest for a vigorous growth in irrigation infrastructure demanded at the time.
Consequently, in 1974, the IRDD was further transformed into the status of a complete Department (i.e. the Irrigation Department) of the Ministry of Agriculture. Agriculturists and for the first time, a crop of Engineers resourced the newly created Irrigation Department.
In the meanwhile, the government of the Supreme Military Council (SMC) realized the need to establish a national institution capable of mobilizing funds to undertake irrigation infrastructural development to sustain the agro modernization drive. Thus, the government felt the need to create an enabling environment for mobilizing funds in support of irrigation development through other means besides taxes.
In this regard, the Irrigation Development Authority Decree, 1977 (SMCD 85) was enacted to outdoor GIDA as an autonomous entity. Indeed, the new status of the Authority confers on GIDA not only the rights of perpetual succession but also the right to sue and be sued in its own rights as an entity.
OBJECTIVES of GIDA
The objects of GIDA are as follows:
- (i) Provide efficient technical services in irrigation infrastructure development to enhance water and soil conservation best practices.
- (ii) Assist farmers and other clients in irrigation and other AWM technology transfers
- (iii) Provide Consultancy Services in irrigated agriculture.
- MAIN FUNCTONS
The functions of the Authority as defined in the SMCD 85 are as follows:-
a. to formulate plans for the development of irrigation in the country;
- b. to develop the water resources of the country for irrigated farming livestock improvement and fish culture;
- c. to execute comprehensive programmes for the effective use of irrigated lands in co-operation with other agencies involved in providing extension services to farmers;
- c. to carry out land use planning in areas earmarked for development in order to conserve the soil and water resources in those areas;
- d. to lay out the environs of each project area for housing purposes and for the provision of other social amenities;
- e. to cooperate with other agencies for safeguarding the health and safety of all people living within and around irrigation project areas;
- f. to undertake such other activities as are incidental or conducive to the discharge of its functions as defined by the decree.
We promote the effective use of land and all water resources for farmers, industry and institutions within a sustainable environment.
To utilize all water resources for livelihood options in agriculture at appropriate scales for our customers
- THE BOARD AND MANAGEMENT
- An eleven (11) member Board of Directors (BOD) formed in accordance with provisions in the SMCD 85 perform the responsibility of formulating policies and approving the annual financial proposals, programs, and projects submitted by an Executive Management Team (EMT). The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) who is assisted by two (2) deputies heads the Executive Management Team and they provide technical and administrative leadership to a corps of directors who head the functional divisions within the Authority. Together as a team, the EMT works under the general control of the Board and are responsible for the day-to-day management and the general administration of the Authority.
THE STRUCTURE OF GIDA
Presently the Authority is organized into four functional directorates, which are responsible for the technical and
operational assignments contingent on the annual performance targets set by the Authority (Refer to appendix A) The
directorates are as follows:-
- Planning, Budgeting Monitoring and Evaluation
- Project Development
- Project Operations
- The Finance and Administration
There is also an Internal Audit Department. This department plays a critical role in ensuring that funds and other
resources of the Authority were put to judicious use and that proper accounting and reporting procedures were duly